M.Sc. (Hons) Physics Syllabus
Semester I

COURSE CODECOURSE NAMECREDITS

JMPH301
Physics & Technology of Semiconductor Devices:
UNITI
Semiconductor Materials: Energy Bands; Intrinsic carrier concentration; Donors and Acceptors; Direct and Indirect band semiconductors; Elemental (Si) and Compound semiconductors (GaAs); Alloy semiconductor and their important properties; Doping of Si (Group III (n) and Group V (p) compounds) and GaAs (group II (p), IV (np) and VI (n compounds)).
UNITII
Carrier Transport in Semiconductors: Drift velocity; Carrier Diffusion; Carrier Injection; Generation; Recombination Processes; Direct and Indirect bandgap Semiconductors; Minority Carrier Life Time; drift and diffusion; Determination of conductivity (a) fourprobe and (b) Van der Paw techniques; Hall coefficient; minority carrier lifetime.
UNITIII
Junction Devices: Junction Devices: (i) pn junction  energy Band diagrams for homo and hetero junctions; Current flow mechanism in pn junction, (ii) Metal semiconductor (Schottky Junction): Energy band diagram, current flow mechanisms in forward and reverse bias. (iii) MetalOxideSemiconductor (MOS) diodes; Energy band diagram, depletion and inversion layer; High and low frequency Capacitance Voltage (CV) characteristics.
UNITIV
Bipolar Junction Transistor (BJT) : Charge transport and current in a BJT; Current transfer ratio; Terminal currents; Generalized biasing; Charge control analysis; BJT switching; Turnon and Turnoff transients; Base narrowing; Frequency limitations of a transistor; FET, MOSFET: Principle of Operation and IV Characteristics of FET; MESFET; MOSFET; MOS Capacitor; Threshold voltage in MOSFET.
UNITV
Polysilicon Preparation of Crystal: Single crystal growth; Defects in epitaxial; Lithography; Etching and Micromachining of Silicon; Fabrication of Integrated Circuits; Film Deposition Methods: Chemical vapourdeposition (CVD), MOCVD.
Books:
 1. Sze S.M., Semiconductor Devices Physics and Technology, Wiley.
 2. Tyagi S.M.; Introduction to Semiconductor Devices, John Wiley & Sons.
 3. Sayer M. and Mansingh A., Measurement, Instrumentation and Experimental Design in Physics and Engineering, Prentice Hall of India Pvt. Ltd.
 4. Streetman Ben G., Solid State electronics, Prentice Hall of India Pvt. Ltd.
04 
JMPH302
Electronics Communication:
UNITI
Signal Analysis: Sinusoidal signals (Frequency and time Domain); Fourier series expansion of periodic sequence of impulses; Sampling function; Normalized power; Power Spectral density (of Digital data, sequence of random pulses); Effect of Transfer function on power spectral density; Fourier transform (example v(t) = coswt); Convolution; Power and Energy Transfer through a network.
UNITII
Amplitude Modulation: Amplitude Modulation; Spectrum of the modulated signal; Square law Modulator; Balanced Modulator; DSBSC; SSB and vestigial sideband modulation; Limitations of Amplitude Modulation.
UNITIII
Frequency Modulation: Analysis and frequency Spectrum; Generation and Detection of FM; Comparison of AM and FM. Preemphasis and Deemphasis; Reactance Modulator; Capture Effect; Varactor Modulator; Amplitude Limiter; FM Receiver; Foster Seeley Discriminator; Ratio Detector.
UNITIV
Digital Communication: Digital Line Waveforms: Symbols, Bits and Bauds; Functional Notation for Pulses; Line Codes and Waveforms; Pulse Modulation: Pulse Amplitude, Pulse Code, Pulse Frequency, Pulse Time, Pulse Position and Pulse Width Modulation; Differential PCM; Delta Modulation. Digital Communication Systems; Digital Carrier System; Frequency Shift Keying; Phase Shift Keying; Differential Phase Shift Keying; Digital Multiplexing.
UNITV
Fiber Optic Communication: Principle of light transmission in a fiber; effect of index profile on propagation; modes of propagation; Number of modes in a fiber; Losses in fibers; Dispersion in fiber; Source and detectors for fiber optic; Connectors and splices; Fiber optic communication systems.
Books:
 1. G. Kennedy and B. Davis, Electronic Communication Systems, Tata McGraw Hill.
 2. Analog& Digital by R.P. Sing and S.D. Sapre, Communication Systems, Tata McGraw Hill.
04 
JMPH303
Lasers and Application:
UNITI
Properties of Lasers: Laser Fundamentals: spontaneous and stimulated emission; Einstein coefficients; Populationin version; Properties: Temporal and Spatial Coherence, directionality; Main components of Laser; Principle of Laser action; Introduction to general lasers and their types; Three & four level Lasers; CW & Pulsed Lasers.
UNITII
Types of Lasers: Atomic; Ionic; Molecular; Excimer; Liquid; Solid State, Semiconductor and fibre laser.
UNITIII
Holography and Fibre Optics: Holography  Applications of holography; HNDT (Holographic NonDestructive Testing); Holographic storage; Optical fibre principle; Types of fibres; Fiber optical communication; Fibre amplifiers; Fiberoptic sensors.
UNITIV
Lasersin Science: Saturation spectroscopy; Excited state spectroscopy; Nonlinear spectroscopy; Time domain spectroscopy and its applications; Stimulated Raman Emission; Laser fusion; Medical applications of lasers; Photochemical applications.
UNITV
Lasers in industry: Materials processing; Drilling; Cutting; Welding; Alloying; Laser Chemical Vapour Deposition (LCVD); Laser Thermal Deposition; Hardening; Annealing, LIDAR.
Books:
 1. K. Thyagarajan and A.K. Ghatak, Lasers: Theory and Applications.
 2. K. Koebner (ed.), Industrial Applications of Lasers, Wiley.
 3. J.T. Cuxon and D.E. Parker, Industrial Lasers and their Applications, Prentice Hall of India Pvt. Ltd.
 4. F.C. Appard, Fiber Optics Handbook, McGrawHill.
04 
JMPH304
Programming in C and Numerical Methods:
UNITI
Programming in C: Control system; Data structure; Identifiers and Keywords; Constants; Variables and Data types; Operators and expressions; Data Input and Output; Control Structures; if and switch statements; while, dowhile, go to and for statements; Arrays; Character strings; Simple programs.
UNITII
Functions and Pointers: User defined Functions; Defining and accessing functions; Passing arguments; Function prototypes; Recursion; Storage classes; Pointer Declarations; Passing pointers to functions; Pointers and arrays; Operations on pointers; Arrays of pointers.
UNITIII
Structures, Unions and Data Files: User defined data types; Structures  Declaring structures and Accessing members; Array of Structures; Structure within structure; Unions; File operations  open, close, reading and writing; Random access files.
UNITIV
Numerical Techniques: Sorting; Interpolation; Extrapolation; Regression; Numerical Integration; Quadrature; Random number generation; linear algebra and matrix manipulations; Inversion; Diagonalization; Eigenvectors and Eigenvalues; Integration of initialvalue problems; root searching; Fast Fourier transforms; Trapezoidal rule; Simpson's 1/3 rule; Solution of first order ordinary differential equation by RungeKutta method.
UNITV
Simulation Techniques: Monte Carlo methods; Molecular dynamics; Simulation methods for the Ising model and atomic fluids; Simulation methods for quantumMechanical problems; Timedependent Schrödinger equation; Discussion of selected problems in percolation; Cellular automata; Nonlinear dynamics; Traffic problems; Diffusionlimited aggregation; Celestial mechanics, etc.
Books:
 1. E. Balaguruswami, Numerical Methods, Tata McGraw Hill.
 2. S.S. Sastry, Introductory Methods of Numerical Analysis, Tata McGraw Hill.
 3. V. Rajaraman, Computer Programming in Fortran 77, Prentice Hall.
 4. H.M. Antia, Numerical Methods for Scientists and Engineer, Springer.
04 
JMHM302
Project Management:
UNITI
Fundamental Topics: Introduction to Project Management and Corporate Planning Process; Corporate Financial Objectives; Time Value of Money; Future Value and Present Value of Multiperiod Cash Flow; Interest Rate.
UNITII
Concept Stage: Strategic Investment Decisions and Project Ideas; Project Feasibility Study; Demand Forecasting Techniques; Project Financing; Forms of Business Organization.
UNITIII
Analysis Stage: CostBenefit Analysis; Financial Analysis; Required Rate of Return from Projects; Economic and Social CostBenefit Analysis; Project Portfolio Risk; Project Risk Analysis; Framework of Project Risk Management.
UNITIV
Planning, Execution and Completion Stage: Introduction to PERT & CPM; Allocation of Limited Capital  Capital Rationing; Project Planning and Control Project Execution and Control; Post Completion Audit (PCA).
UNITV
Special Topics: Inflation and Project Investment; Economic Life of Projects and Replacement Policy; Infrastructure Projects; International Capital Budgeting.
Books:
 1. Bhavesh Patel, PROJECT MANAGEMENT: Financial Evaluation with Strategic Planning, Networking and Control, Vikas Publishing House Pvt Ltd.
04 
JMPH351
Physics Lab III:
List of Experiments
Note: Minimum 10 experiments should be performed
 1. To design and analyze the Combinational Logic Circuit.
 2. To study Fourier methods regarding the spatial filtering of an image by means of a computer program .
 3. To verify Thevenin Theorem and find out Thevenin‟s Equivalent circuit using DC Sources.
 4. Experiments on FET and MOSFET characterization and application as an amplifier.
 5. Experiment on unijunction Transistor and its application
 6. Study of OP AMP as summing and inverting amplifier.
 7. Study of OP AMP as Emitter Follower.
 8. Study of OP AMP as Difference Amplifier.
 9. Study of OP AMP as differentiator and integrator.
 10. Study of OP AMP as Schmitt Trigger.
 11. Study of Voltage to Frequency / Frequency to voltage converter using OPAMP.
 12. Study of errors in electrical measurement and results due to loading.
 13. Study of noise performance of an amplifier.(Pg. 449, Art of Electronics,Horowitzand Hill, Cambridge, University Press, Low Price Edition, 1995.)
 14. Study of IC 7400 as Half adder, Half subtractor, Full adder, Full subtractor.
 15. Study of IC 555 as A stable multivitorator and Voltage Controlled Oscillator.
 16. To measure temperature coefficient using 555 timer.
 17. Instrumentation Amplifier  using four IC 741.
 18. Study of Addition and subtraction using 8086.
 19. Multiplication and division using 8086.
 20. Sum of a simple series using 8086.
Books:
 1. B.K. Jones, Electronics for Experimentation and Research, PrenticeHall.
 2. P.B. Zbar and A.P. Malvino, Basic Electronics: A TextLab Manual, Tata McGraw Hill.
 3. B.K. Jones, Electronics for Experimentation and Research, PrenticeHall.
 4. P.B. Zbar and A.P. Malvino, Basic Electronics: A TextLab Manual, Tata McGraw Hill.
04 
JMPH352
Numerical Technique Lab:
List of Experiments:
Note: Minimum 10 experiments should be performed
 1. To implement programs in C language
 2. Time delay subroutine and a clock program.
 3. Newton's and Lagrange's interpolation with algorithm, flowchart C Program and output.
 4. Numerical integration by Trapezoidal/Simpson's rule with algorithm, flowchart C Program & output.
 5. Solution of a polynomial equation and determination of roots by Newton Raphson method with algorithm, flowchart C Program and output.
 6. Numerical solution of ordinary first order differential equation –Euler's method with algorithm, flowchart C Program and output.
 7. Curve fitting  Least square fitting with algorithm, flowchart C program and output.
 8. Matrix manipulation  Multiplication Transpose and Inverse with algorithm, Flow chart C program and output.
 9. Iteration method, flowchart C program and output.
 10. Gauss Interpolation, flowchart C program and output.
 11. Determination of polynomial using method of least square curve fitting.
 12. Solution of differential equations using 4th order Runge Kutta method.
 13. Determination of time response of an RLC circuit.
Books:
 1. R.A. Dunlap, Experimental Physics: Modern Methods, Oxford University Press.
 2. B.K. Jones, Electronics for Experimentation and Research, PrenticeHall.
 3. P.B. Zbar and A.P. Malvino, Basic Electronics: A TextLab Manual, Tata McGraw Hill.
 4. L.A. Leventhal, Micro Computer Experimentation with the Intel SDK85.
08 
JMPH391
Minor Research Project and Seminar:
For students to enter into preliminary research field both in theory and experiment the concept of Project has been introduced in the final Semester. In the Project the student will explore new developments from the books and journals, collecting literature / data and write a Dissertation based on his / her work and studies. The Project Work can also be based on experimental work in industries / research laboratories.
 1. Students will make project which should be preferably a working of third thoughts based on heir subject.
 2. The student will be assigned a faculty guide who good the supervisor of the students. The faculty would be identified before the end of the III semester.
 3. The assessment of performance of the students should be made at least twice in the semester. Internal assessment shall be for 250 marks. The students shall present the final project live using overhead projector PowerPoint presentation on LCD to the internal committee and the external examiner.
 4. The evaluation committee shall consists of faculty members constituted by the college which would be comprised of at least three members comprising of the department Coordinator‟s Class Coordinator and a nominee of the Dirtier. The students guide would be special in bitted to the presentation. The seminar session shall be an open house session. The internal marks would be the average of the marks given by each members of the committee separately to the director in a sealed envelope.
Selection of Topic:
The Marking shall be as follows.
04 
Total Credits32